The basic principles of good driving are the same on a highway as elsewhere. There are however special characteristics to take into consideration. Highway driving requires a little more advance planning. As a driver, be certain to be in a good wide-awake condition. Know your intended route and where your cut-offs are before heading out. It's a good idea to have a plan for stops, to take refresher breaks every couple of hours. The car should be ready too. Full tank of gas, check the tires are in good condition and that there's nothing out of the ordinary.
Driving on highways requires that it's users must merge into traffic. A driver must use the acceleration lane to match the speed of the traffic and therefore, be able to lane change comfortably into the flow. This can be challenging to most new drivers as they have yet to master using/trusting their mirrors. It is the responsibility of the drivers already on the highway as well as the entering vehicle to work together. Sadly many drivers do not help to create a gap when roads are busy. The entering driver should not stopwhile in the acceleration lane.
Driving on the highway requires longer following distances which means a greater margin of safety. The higher speeds means that everything happens faster. The highway is no place for a timid driver. Such people should use other roads until they've developed the skill and comfortable to go with the flow of traffic.
Avoid Bunching - following too closely one behind another. Bunching increases the hazard of "chain-reaction" crashes.
Never change lanes unexpectedly or suddenly! And never change lanes without adequate preparation.
Keep an eye on speed. Driving at high speeds over a long period of time causes a person to lose the feeling of moving fast. Make it a habit to check the speedometer at regular intervals.
Keep an eye on other cars. With many vehicles travelling at high speed, the driver must keep a sharp lookout, including the rear. Glance in your mirrors, take appropriate action to avoid tailgaters and people hanging out in your blind spot.You also need to make sure you are not in another driver's blind spot.
Did You Know?
In 1949 the federal government passed the "Trans-Canada Highway Act" a bill which granted the provinces 50%-90% of the costs to build one of the world's longest national roads. It is 4,860 miles of paved road. The highway officially opened Sept 3rd 1962 at a ceremony at Rogers Pass, in the Rocky Mountains. There is a monument at the site which marks the highest point on the highway. Due to extreme variances in terrain, it is considered one of the greatest engineering accomplishments of the 20th century.